Impact of Islam On Western Civilization.
This Article is about how muslims influenced wetsern socities. This will highlight the impact of islam on western civilization.
Major Muslim Contributors
⮚ The list of the protagonists of this intellectual and scientific adventure of creation of knowledge and its spread westward include:
⮚ Mathematician and astronomer, born around 783 near the Aral Sea in modern-day Uzbekistan. He was affiliated with the House of Wisdom, and his star tables and works on arithmetic, algebra, the astrolabe, and the Hindu-Arabic numerals profoundly influenced the West.
⮚ Abbasid caliph from 813 to 833. He took a direct interest in science and philosophy and actively promoted scholars at the House of Wisdom and elsewhere.
⮚ Ibn Sina (Avicenna):
⮚ 11th-century polymath and leading Muslim philosopher and medical scholar. His influence on Western culture lasted for centuries, in various fields, from philosophy to medicine.
⮚ Ibn Rushd (Averroes):
⮚ The famous Andalusian philosopher Abu ‘l-Walid Muhammed Ibn Ahmad Ibn Rushd. He flourished in Cordoba and Marrakech in the 12th century. He exerted an enormous influence on Christian and Jewish thought, primarily as a commentator on Aristotle, and also as an original author in philosophy, logic, astronomy and medicine.
⮚ Al-Idrisi (Dreses):
⮚ North African geographer and scientific director of King Roger II of Sicily’s World Map project, completed in 1154.
⮚ Adelard of Bath:
⮚ Pioneering explorer of the Islamic learning, who brought the wonders of geometry, astronomy and other fields to the medieval West.
⮚ Frederick II:
⮚ The Holy Roman Emperor and enthusiastic proponent of Arabic culture. He was patron of Michael Scot and underwrote translations of Ibn Rushd’s commentaries on the Aristotelian corpus.